Is the media coverage of York University fair? Analyzing the many reports of sexual assaults on campus
After the two high-profile incidents, reporters may be more likely to see sexual assaults at York as news and perpetuate a "confirmation bias," writes Maclean's On Campus Editor Josh Dehaas.
By Josh Dehaas, Editor of Maclean's On Campus
"When a murder happens at St. George and Bloor [two downtown streets]… Imagine how the Toronto Star would cover such a story. Most Torontonians know that intersection and don’t need any landmarks for reference. They don’t need to be told that it’s just north of the Rotman School of Management or Robarts Library [at the University of Toronto]. The article would simply mention the intersection of the crime scene. Yet when the Star reports that a 22-year old man is stabbed to death outside Randy’s Sports Bar and Restaurant on Keele just south of Steeles, it can’t be without mention of York University, even though the bar is a good 20-minute walk from the outskirts of the Keele campus.”
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"Ryerson and the University of Toronto’s St. George campus could be just as unsafe, if not less safe, than York’s Keele campus, and we wouldn’t know, but all we’ve ever heard about the Keele campus is bad news."
Recently, I came across information that backs up Armstrong’s suspicion. Using Toronto Police data, CBC News mapped the crime hotspots of the city. ‘York University Heights’ ranked 19th out of 140 Toronto neighbourhoods for the most reports of sexual assaults: 17.7 per 10,000 residents. ‘University,’ the downtown neighbourhood that encompasses the University of Toronto was second worst out of 140 neighbourhoods: 27.1 incidents per 10,000 people. The ‘Church-Yonge Corridor,’ where Ryerson University is located, was 11th with 21.2 occurrences per 10,000 people.
It looked like Armstrong was on to something, so I checked her assertion that York’s name ends up in more crime reports. I searched for the words “York University” and “sexual assault” in the ledes and headlines of all stories published in the past two years on Infomart, an archive that includes most of Canada’s major newspaper stories. There were 39 results. The same search for Ryerson yielded two; the University of Toronto yielded seven. So yes, the media have published many more stories about sexual assaults at York, despite it being in an statistically safer neighbourhood.
A closer look at the 39 search results reveals another reason, on top of Armstrong’s theory, that I believe may explain why York shows up in more news reports. Of the 39, several from 2011 were about SlutWalks, the movement that followed an infamous comment a police officer made about sexual assault while speaking at York. Several more referenced Qian Liu, the Chinese student murdered near York during a webcam conversation. Both incidents shone international spotlights on sexual assault at York. Everyone heard about it. How does that explain the dozens of articles referencing York since? I suspect confirmation bias. After the two high-profile incidents, reporters may be more likely to see sexual assaults at York as news.
The real problem may not be how much we hear about sexual assaults at York, but in fact how little we hear about them elsewhere. When I searched for sexual assaults and other big city schools, I found the University of Ottawa associated with one and the University of Alberta with two. The University of British Columbia, the University of Manitoba and Dalhousie University all turned up nothing. Clearly there were more than zero sexual assaults on or near those campuses. At UBC, for example, Campus Security reported eight sexual assaults on campus between 2009 and 2011.
What does this mean for students and parents? I think it means they should be no more worried about sexual assaults at York than at U of T, Ryerson or anywhere else. In fact, they might feel more comfortable choosing York knowing that, at the very least, people there are talking about it.
This blog was originally published on Maclean's On Campus and was republished here with the author's permission.
Tamara Baluja is an award-winning journalist with CBC Vancouver and the 2018 Michener-Deacon fellow for journalism education. She was the associate editor for J-Source from 2013-2014.